R. E. BROWN, The Birth of the Messiah (New York: Doubleday, 1993) 248-253.

A. B. CALKINS, “The Justice of Joseph Revisited,” Homiletic & Pastoral Review (June 1988) 8-19.

L. CANTWELL CARDIFF, “The Parentage of Jesus, Mt 1:18-21,” Novum Testamentum XXIV (1982) 304-305.

J. A. FITZMYER, The Gospel According to Luke I-IX (New York: Doubleday, 1981) 57-59, 407-408.

M. D. GRIFFIN, O.C.D., Saint Joseph and the Third Millenium (Hubertus, WI: Teresian Charism Press, 2000) 1-79.

R. LAURENTIN, The Truth of Christmas (Petersham, MA: St. Bede’s, 1986) 131-136.

B. PRZYBYLSKI, Righteousness in Matthew and His World of Thought (Cambridge: University Press, 1980).

T. STRAMARE, O.S.J., Saint Joseph, “Guardian of the Redeemer” Text and Reflections (Santa Cruz, CA: Guardian of the Redeemer, 1997) 129-133.

_________, “Son of Joseph from Nazareth,” Cahiers de Joséphologie XXVI (1978).

A. TOSATO, “Joseph, Being a Just Man (Matt 1:19),” The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 41 (1979) 547-551.

L. M. TOSCHI, O.S.J., Joseph in the New Testament (Santa Cruz, CA: Guardian of the Redeemer, 1993).